McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One fabricator and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second oldest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Championships and 8 Fabricators' Championships. The group is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their greatest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their very first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as team principal and shortly after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take complete control of the team. This started the group's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Motorists' Championships and the team took 6 Contractors' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle during this duration, the two winning every fabricators' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the group went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more championships came in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika HÃ¤kkinen, and during the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to very long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing Browse this site to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars.